Musical Instruments / Trumpet

Trumpet

A Brief History

Trumpet is a musical instrument from the brass family. Its history dates back over 3,500 years or as much as the earliest examples of the instrument found so far are old. Initially, trumpet was probably used for religious and military purposes rather than to make music. This changed in the Middle Ages when innovations in metal making and improvements in design made the instrument useful for music compositions. After the so-called Golden Age of natural trumpet in the Baroque era, the popularity of the instrument began to decline. Interest in trumpet was renewed only in the 20th century, mainly due to its use in other genres of music, most notably jazz.

Etymology

The word trumpet originates from the Old French “trompette”, a diminutive of “trompe” which translates into “horn”, “trump”.

Types and Usage

There are many types of trumpets, while the most commonly used one is the B♭ or B flat trumpet. Orchestral setting usually also includes the C trumpet. The smallest of all trumpets, known as piccolo trumpet (“piccolo” translates into “small”, “little”) reaches one octave higher than the B♭ trumpet and allows the trumpeter to play the trumpet parts of the Baroque classical music. Bass trumpet produces low tones, similar to those that are produced by the trombone. Other popular types of trumpets include slide trumpet, pocket trumpet, herald trumpet, and A, D, E, E♭, F and G trumpet.

Trumpets are used in a variety of music genres ranging from classical music to jazz and popular music.

Prominent Trumpeters